Mayor: Mr. Luo Qiang
Population: 14,047,627 residents.
A brief history of the city
Chengdu (Chéngdū; 成都) is the provincial capital of Sichuan in Southwest China, as well as a major city in Western China and an important crossroad. It is built circularly, with three surrounding beltways. In the middle of the city lies Tianfu Square, where there is a statue of Mao Zedong. The city was established in BC 316 approximately. Chengdu is renowned for its panda bears, and is the birthplace of the world's first ever paper currency, Jiao Zi, in the year 1023, during the Song dynasty. Most of the city's population is comprised of Han Chinese, the largest ethnic group in China. The city's population numbers some 7.5 million residents, with 6.5 million more living in the surrounding areas and the suburbs, making it the fifth largest city in China. Many of the villagers in the Sichuan province move to the city, so its population tends to grow.
As in every other major city, the economy in Chengdu also is not based on a single industry, and many industries developed in it through the years.
Chengdu is one of the biggest manufacturers of technology and electronics products in China. For many years now the city is one of the most important centers of the Chinese technology industry, and numerous international companies – including Intel, Nokia, Motorola, IBM, SAP and Microsoft – hold in the city's technology development campus offices and large development centers that employ tens of thousands of professionals.
Chengdu is a national center of traditional Chinese medicine, in which field it has become the largest research and development center in Western China, and doubtlessly one of the biggest in the whole Republic. As a result was developed a big market of various products of Chinese medicine, intended both for the local as well as to the international customers. Chengdu is gradually becoming one of China's biggest tourism centers. The city is a base for trips all over Sichuan, but many tourists tour it too. The Chinese government has long since discovered the city's great potential, and is investing a lot of resources in developing the tourism infrastructure in the city and its surroundings. Tourism in Chengdu, as in most parts of China, is based more on domestic tourism than on international tourism, yet there is a substantial improvement in infrastructure for tourists from abroad. The last decade saw the erection of many hotels, some of 4-5 stars quality, as well as many youth hostels for budget travelers. Many tourists arrive at the Research and Reproduction Center of the Giant Panda, located 10 kilometers from the city's center. China is the only place where the pandas live in their natural habitat. There is a small zoo displaying young and old pandas, as well as red pandas, who despite their name are not closely related to the giant panda.
The Haifa-Chengdu Twin Cities Treaty was signed on November 25, 2013