Lord Mayor: Mr. Thomas Geisel
Population: 598,686 residents.
A brief history of the city
Düsseldorf developed from a petty agrarian settlement on the banks of Düssel River, to become a prosperous metropolis. Düsseldorf’s history begins in 1135: Under Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa, the small town of Kaiserswerth to the north of Düsseldorf, became a well-fortified outpost. Kaiserswerth eventually became a suburb of Düsseldorf in 1929.
In 1288 Düsseldorf, then a village on the banks of the Düssel, was granted town privileges by the sovereign Count Adolf VIII of Berg. By 1380, Düsseldorf was made regional capital of the Duchy of Berg and as a result developed quickly. Later on, destruction and poverty struck Düsseldorf after the Seven Years’ War and the Napoleonic Wars. By the mid-19th century, Düsseldorf enjoyed a revival thanks to the Industrial Revolution. WWI and the Great Depression affected Düsseldorf badly, and more so did WW2, during which the city was left in ruins. Out of more than half a million citizens only 400,000 survived and the city’s Jewish community was exterminated (of 5,000 people, merely 249 survived). A monument in the city commemorated the victims of the Nazis. The British conquest of the Rhine-Westphalia region helped rehabilitating the city. In 1946 Düsseldorf was made capital of the new federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. The city’s reconstruction proceeded at a frantic pace and the economic transformation saw Düsseldorf grow into the wealthy city of trade, administration and service industries that it is today.
General information and special features
Düsseldorf is located in Central Europe, in the Rhine-Ruhr region. In its heart is the Old city, Altstadt, known for its bars avenue. Most events take place in that area, including the Summer Festival. Some of the city’s famous sites are the Sclossturm Tower, the Heinrich Heine monument, the renovated port area which is now the city’s most modern and fashionable part, Bilk – the students’ area located close to Bremen’s campuses, and the historic site Keiserwerth.
The city has many museums and pubs, and holds musical festivals annually, the most famous of which is the Summer Festival.
The Haifa- Düsseldorf twin cities treaty was signed on September 27, 1988