Mayor: Mr. Philip Glanville
Population: 209,000 residents.
A brief history of the city
It has a prosperous Jewish community since the 17th century, a large community of Caribbean expatriates since the 1950s, and a firmly integrated community of African expatriates since the 17th century. In addition there are also communities of Indian, Asian, Turkish and Cyprian origins.
The borough was formed in 1965 from the area of the earlier metropolitan boroughs of Hackney, Shoreditch and Stoke Newington, who existed since the 10th century. Four centuries later they became agricultural communities concentrated around a local church. One of those medieval churches survived to this day. The development of these communities was very greatly affected by the growth of London. Officials, merchants and aristocrats who wanted to live close to the city, had houses in the villages of these boroughs. In the 15th century, as the boroughs grew, the aristocrats left and their houses were turned into education institutes or private psychiatric institutions. With the arrival of the railroad infrastructure to Hackney in the 17thcentury the population increased, rich businessmen left the area and more middle class families came to live there. During that period were built the Victorian terraces and villas that characterize Hackney to this day. During the Victorian age the industry in Hackney developed and the region became the center of London's furniture industry. In the 19thcentury, the local authorities started the project of evacuating residents from the neglected houses and resettling them under better conditions. Furthermore, various services for the inhabitants' wellbeing were established, such as libraries and day-care centers.
The municipal authorities
Hackney is a borough of London, with its own municipal council. The council provides and controls all of the municipal services, and is responsible for the development of the borough's welfare and cultural life, Hackney's financial businesses' management, and the development of its self-government. The council is closely supervised by the Government.
Hackney's cultural life is rich, as is evident in its many theatres, cabarets, concerts, museums, galleries, cinemas, dancing schools, stand-up venues and so on.
The Haifa-Hackney Twin CitiesTtreaty was signed on September 9, 1968