Mayor: Mr. Gennadiy Trukhanov
Population: 1,003,705 residents.
A brief history of the city
Odessa was established in 1794 by Catherine II (the Great), with the intention of creating a port that will strengthen the southern borders of the Russian Empire. Odessa quickly surpassed all expectations, and became financially prosperous. Over the years, Odessa was subject to governmental overturns and many conquests, due to its strategic location and advanced port. In 1920 the city was united with the Ukrainian SSR; in 1922 the city's residents suffered harsh famine as a result of the Civil War in Russia; during WW2 Odessa was subject to Romanian and German administration, until its liberation in 1944 by the Red Army. Many houses were destroyed, and approximately 280,000 denizens, mostly Jewish, were massacred or chased away from the city.
General information and special features
Odessa, the capital of the Odessa Soviet Republic, is a port town located on the coast of the Black Sea. It is the third largest city in the Ukraine, and is an important junction for industry, commerce, culture and science, as well as a popular tourist destination – Odessa is famous for its therapeutic resorts.
Odessa's main branches of commerce are wood, coal, produce, sugar, cars, petroleum products, metals and cement. In addition, the city is home to the Antarctic fleet and the Ukrainian fishing fleet. The city's main industries include shipbuilding, oil refining, food processing, chemicals, textile, wood products, jute and silk.
Odessa has a tradition of rich culture. It has a university, theatres, ballet, museums, a public library, an opera house and an art gallery.
The Haifa-Odessa Twin Cities Treaty was signed on September 13, 1992