Mayor: Mr. Joseph E. Estrada
Population: 11,885,790 residents.
A brief history of the city
In 1521 the Spanish conquered the islands and named them after King Philip II. During the 1898 Spanish-American War, the American admiral George Dewey invaded Manila Bay. The area was under the USA’s patronage until after WW2, when the Philippines became an independent country.
General information and special features
Manila, the capital of the Philippines, is located in Manila Bay, on the Luzon Island. The city has a unique natural resource – the Abaca plant, known as the Manila hemp, whose fibers are used to produce ropes and wicks.
On May 2001, the new-sworn president of the Philippines, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, declared a “state of rebellion” in Manila, following protests of supporters of deposed president Joseph Estrada. She issued a decree that gave extensive authority to the army, and forbade large public assemblies.
The city has many historic sites, including the walls of the ancient Spanish city Intramuros.
Manila is a center of handicrafts, including an extensive production of souvenirs made of conches, bamboo and precious metals. Prominent manufacturing industries in Manila are advanced technologies, textile, footwear, and leather products. Manila also boasts a prosperous agricultural industry producing sugar canes, rice, fruits and produce.
The city offers many night-time activities – pubs, restaurants and clubs. Other recreational places are the children’s amusement park, the Japanese and Chinese gardens, the planetarium, and Rizal Park, which is Manila’s residents’ favorite entertainment center.
Manila’s National Heroes Day is celebrated annually on November 30th, and on December 30th Rizal Day takes place.
The Haifa-Manila twin cities treaty was signed on March 22, 1971